Authors must disclose all conflicts of interest on submission of the manuscript. These conflicts must be described in a dedicated section of each published manuscript.
A Conflict of Interest (COI) can be defined as a situation where an author or a family member of the author holds one or more personal interests and these interests may be perceived as negatively influencing the author’s ability to manage his/her scientific and publishing activities objectively. COI may arise from a variety of situations including financial transactions, gifts, primary employment, or volunteer relationships and may compromise the author’s ability to provide an unbiased contribution to Applied Clinical Informatics (ACI). COI can undermine integrity, cast doubt, tarnish, and ultimately jeopardize the authors, reviewers, and the journal, regardless whether or not the author’s objectivity is in fact affected. Having a COI does not imply wrong-doing.
Because it is impractical, and may be impossible to avoid all situations, where a COI might exist, ACI has developed a process to recognize and manage the real or apparent author COI through disclosure. Disclosing conflicts of interest assures open and honest deliberation, improves reviews, and allows readers to consider the author’s COI when forming an opinion.
Therefore, all manuscript submissions to ACI must contain a declaration of conflict of interest. Conflicts of interests that must be disclosed include research relationships with industry, consulting/employment/honoraria relationships with industry, licensing and equity relationships, gifts by industry, Quid pro Quo relationships with industry and any potential conflict of commitment. All potential conflicts must be declared in the appropriate section of the manuscript. If the authors report no conflicts of interest, they must acknowledge as much, for example:
“The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest in the research.”
It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list the potential conflicts of interest. This information must be provided to the Editor-in-Chief in the cover letter during the online submission process.